Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a sleep-related breathing disorder characterized by intermittent and repetitive cessations in breathing during sleep.
The symptoms of OSA are experienced with an increasing intensity that is dependent on the severity of the condition. Chronic loud snoring and excessive daytime sleepiness, which are experienced by more than 80% of diagnosed patients, are the most common symptoms of OSA. Other symptoms of OSA include headaches; cognitive impairment affecting working memory, attention, and executive function; and mood disturbances, particularly anxiety and depression. These symptoms can be relieved through treatment
1. CPAP Therapy
CPAP therapy is recognized as the mainstay treatment option for OSA patients and is effective in treating mild, moderate, and severe sleep apnea.
2. Oral Appliance Therapy
Oral appliance therapy for OSA: Mandibular advancement devices ( MAD) are the most common type of oral appliance. MAD are effective in treating mild to moderate sleep apnea.